Acne Scar Removal: What are Your Options?
The majority of us fall into that unlucky group of acne sufferers, with relentless and embarrassing lesions, marks and scars that never seem to disappear. If you fall into this majority, find out how to get rid of acne scars by reading up on the types of scars and different acne scar repair treatments available.
Macules appear as if scars, but are not actual scars. They are flat and reddish colored marks that are the end stage of inflamed acne lesions. Macules, unlike scars, eventually disappear, although it might take up to 6 months of waiting. Post-Inflammatory Pigmentation is another mark (discoloration of skin) that healing acne lesions might leave behind. This type of pigmentation is far more common in darker-skinned people. The pigmentation change can last up to18 months and lasts longer if exposed to the sun. Ice Pick Scars, the most common of acne scarring, take a thin and sharp structure, appearing most often on the cheeks. These types of scars are deep, reaching the subcutaneous layer for this reason they are difficult to erase with just skin resurfacing treatments. Box Car Scars are circular indentations with borders that are both sharp and vertical. Found on both the temples and cheeks, box car scars range in depth. Rolling Scars appear rolling due the fact that the scar tissue is tethered to the subcutaneous layer below. They vary in length but are generally longer than other acne scars. Hypertrophic Scars are different from the rest of acne scars as they are composed of extra collagen and protrude; they generally are of a red or pink color.
The beauty and cosmetics industry has made successful advances in acne scar treatment. To choose the best acne scar removal products and/or treatments for your scars, spend some time researching what is available:
1. Acne Treatment as Prevention
Treat your acne first! Eliminating acne is the most effective way to prevent post-lesion scarring. If you remove acne, you remove the chance for those lesions to scar and there is no need for an acne scar removal treatment.
2. Acne Scar Removal Cream
Tretinoin and alpha-hydroxy acids are common scar cream ingredients that treat acne and reduce stains and scarring.
3. Natural Acne Scar Removal
Onion extract and muciin both reduce inflammation of scars. The onion slows down the production of collagen, therefore reducing the extent that hypertrophic scars are seen. Mucin stimulates the production of new skin cells to replace old and damaged skin.
4. Chemical Peels
Chemical peels don't go that far for scars but work well with post-acne pigmentation changes.
Raising or soothing inflamed scars, injections are another option. This treatment works well on rolling scars for they have smoother edges than other acne scars. If applying tension at the scar edges improves the appearance, filler injections will improve the scar. Steroid injections help flatten hypertrophic and keloid scars.
6. Non-Ablative Collagenosis
Non-ablative collagenosis includes collagen production therapy with the use of laser and radiofrequency devices; this is safe on the superficial layer of skin. This involves laser and radiofrequency devices that enhance collagen production in deep skin layers, without affecting the epidermis.
This treatment involves a series of sessions where a very thin layer of skin is abraded away with crystals, often aluminum, carrying away fine scars and stains.
Photorejuvenation uses laser or broadband visible light to stimulate new collagen protein formation.
9. Scar Revision
This procedure excises acne scars, leaving behind a linear scar (as opposed to a circular scar). Scar revision works well for scars that are in very noticeable areas, like the face. Revision works great for ice pick and boxcar scars. Subcision is used to cut scar tissue that is tethered to the tissue, i.e. rolling scars. For further results, filler substances can be injected into the area cut.
10. Resurfacing: Ablative Laser Treatments and Dermabrasion
The resurfacing lasers remove a superficial layer of skin and stimulate healing of younger and less scarred skin. It also stimulates deeper layer collagen formation. Dermabrasion uses a rotating wire or brush to remove surface layer irregularities. Many experts consider this the best acne scar removal first step treatment for extensive scarring.
Frustrated? Don't be. A new line of natural products might be the solution for you, whether it be as a dermabrasion maintenance, a home microdermabrasion cream, or a post-laser resurfacing skin calmer. Armed with the anti-microbial and skin healing properties of mucin, BIOSKINCARE will smooth away and break down damaged skin cells, increase skin turnover rate, prevent acne lesions and encourage skin protein manufacture.
Published July 14th, 2009
Filed in Beauty